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Preparation strategies

published by Anna Peterson

tags: toefl ibt, toefl prep, toefl strategies, (all tags)

origin: Preparation strategies (http://www.mytoeflsuccess.com)

To prepare thoroughly to the TOEFL test students should industriously work at their English abilities. This article gives you some useful advice for general educational purposes. But how you fulfill the test depends completely and definitely on you personally. It depends on your knowledge, skills, concentration and your work speed on the test itself.

The tips given below will assist you as an adjunct mechanism for preparing to take the TOEFL and obtain the best possible score. In addition, students are obligatory to practice speaking English, listening to English, and reading printed materials in English. Give enough attention to studying vocabulary words, as well as the fundamentals of English language word construction (prefixes, roots, and suffixes).

Overall test tactics:

1. Read the section directions attentively.
2. Any time saved during the test to work on questions.
3. Successful answers to the earliest questions in computer adaptive versions of the test will lead to higher scores.
4. Do not write on any test booklet or materials.
5. Use the process of elimination to decide which answers are wrong.
6. If you pass the iBT TOEFL double check your work and answer before you click on the screen bubble, as you cannot skip or go back to the previous questions.
7. If you do not know correct answer, try to eliminate one or more choices before guessing and make educated guesses.
8. Don't spend too much time on any one question. You have only seconds for the easiest questions, and not more than 1/2 minute on even the hardest ones.
9. Practice, practice, practice!
10. Look in the test center before the test. You can't be guaranteed that there'll be a working clock there.
11. Bring a couple of IDs to the test center. Make sure at least one of the pictures actually looks like you. Also bring any authorization voucher you may have received from the Educational Testing Service.

Sentence completion:

1. If sentence does not contain a main verb, firstly identify the 'subject' of the sentence. Then, you can eliminate any choice that does not contain a conjugated verb. Further, any selected conjugated verb must agree with the subject (in number and tense).
2. If sentence contains no main subject, firstly, identify what the verb in the sentence is. Then plug in the choices and verify that the one you select agrees with the verb.
3. Eliminate choices that contain extra words, especially pronouns, verbs, or modifiers.
4. If the sentence contains a main subject and a main verb, you should eliminate any choice that is an incorrect part of speech, or does not agree in form, number, or tense with the rest of the sentence.
5. If the sentence contains neither a main subject nor a main verb, you can eliminate any choice that does not provide both a subject and a verb, and does not agree completely
with the remainder of the sentence.

Written expression:

1. Learn the rules about verb tense and agreement. Each verb must agree (in tense, form, number) with the noun it references.
2. Observe whether a noun is singular or plural. Remember the main 'collective' nouns (such as money, or audience) that refer to a group or quantity of things or people.
3. Learn rules about pronouns. They replace the noun and fulfill its functions. It must correspond in number, case, and gender.
4. In English language missing pronouns are a common error that may be seen in questions. For example, when you say that somebody is washing hands – you must say whose hands he is washing.
5. Learn in what cases pronoun is not necessary. Extra pronouns are added after a noun in other languages. And it is a common mistake in English tests.
6. Regard carefully to words that look very close to one another. Try to use one but suitable in a situation.
7. Remember that items in a list or series (e.g. series of sentence elements separated by commas) must be in the same grammatical form.
8. Dealing with quantity of a countable noun, you should use words like fewer, many, number.
9. Dealing with quantity of a non-countable noun, you should use words like much, amount, or less.
10. When comparing two items, use the -er ending for comparisons.
11. When comparing three or more items, use the -est ending for comparisons.

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