TOEFL iBT Speaking
published by Ali Arpaci
TOEFL iBT Speaking
The TOEFL iBT Speaking section contains two types of speaking tasks, independent and integrated. You will perform two independent tasks, and four integrated tasks.
Independent means that you are expected to show your own individual opinions and ideas and to demonstrate that you can express these opinions clearly and in an organized format.
Integrated tasks are meant to show that you can clearly and intelligently discuss issues you have read and heard about. The speaking integrated tasks want to make sure that you can not only understand complex issues when you read about and listen to them, but that you can also explain them to other people.
TOEFL Speaking is the most challenging section of the test for most students. The speaking tasks can feel very unnatural and can be difficult even for native speakers. After all, how often do you have to sit down and talk for two minutes straight about a certain subject? However, do not let the speaking section intimidate you.
Even if you have excellent pronunciation and you speak clearly and fluidly, you will still lose points if your speaking response is disorganized, and you probably will not receive a score higher than 2.5 or 3.
Speaking Independent: Task 1
One type of task will ask you to answer a question about your life, interests, and/or personality. This task gives you the most freedom in responding. You will have 15 seconds to prepare and 45 seconds to respond.
Speaking Independent: Task 2
The other type of speaking independent task will ask you to state your opinion about a particular debate or issue. You will have 15 seconds to prepare and 45 seconds to respond.
Speaking Integrated: Reading and Listening
There are four speaking integrated tasks. You will have 30 seconds to prepare and 60 seconds to respond to each of them. Two of these tasks will ask you to read a passage, listen to a conversation or lecture, and then give your responses. You will be asked to explain how the reading relates to the listening.
It is very important to be comfortable speaking on your own for 1-2 minutes in order to acheive a high TOEFL score. You will need lots of practice speaking by yourself about different topics in order to get a good score.
Research a particular topic - for example, the legalization of marijuana. Find one article that supports this topic and one article that is against it. List the main points from each article. Then, practice contrasting these two topics for one minute. Remember not to use the exact same wording from the articles. You need to use your own words. Flip the articles over so that you cannot see them as you are speaking.
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