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Mapping TOEIC and TOEFL Test Scores onto the Common European Framework (CEF)


origin: Mapping TOEIC and TOEFL Test Scores onto the Common European Framework (CEF) (

The Common European Framework is widely used by learners, teachers, curriculum designers, and testing organisations to coordinate efforts in promoting language competence. It consists of six levels, clustered in three bands:
A1 - A2 (Basic User)
B1 - B2 (Independent User)
C1 - C2 (Proficient User)
These levels guide language educators and instructors in identifying existing levels of language competency of non-native language users, and are used to develop curriculum and courses to advance communicative competence.
In October 2006, we will conduct a second study to benchmark scores of the TOEFL iBT and the revised TOEIC to the CEF. Benchmarking is a process that sets standards that reflect the language experts' professional judgment of the English skills necessary to reach specific levels on the Framework, as demonstrated by test scores. In February 2004, we conducted the first study with panels of English-language experts, representing 19 European countries, to benchmark (or map) scores from four tests (TOEIC, TOEFL PBT, TSE, TWE) that collectively assess reading, writing, speaking and listening onto two levels of the Framework: B1 and C1. 
The 2004 ETS standard-setting study identified the minimum scores required for learners to be categorized in the B1 and C1 levels. Institutions, employers, English programmes, and learners can interpret the B1 and C1 recommended minimum scores on the TOEFL, TSE, TWE, and TOEIC tests by referring to the global descriptors and the exemplar skill descriptors of the report (PDF).
You can download a copy of the report, Mapping Test Scores Onto the Common European Framework, now or, for more information on this standard-setting study, please e-mail us at

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